Glossary

ADA

Americans with Disabilities Act and/or Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines. National sign standards were put in place in 1990 to ensure equal access for all persons in America.

Braille And Tactile Lettering

Braille letters/words and 1/32" raised lettering used for ADA public identification and destination signs. Preferably grade two Braille as defined by the Braille Institute. Braille Bullets small beads that are inserted into sign faces to accommodate Braille information as required by the ADA. Can be clear, plastic or metal.

Cap Height

The height of an upper case letter.

Donor Recognition

A sign, plaque or graphic display to recognize and honor the generosity of contributors to a project.

Elevation Drawing

Elevation Drawing of the vertical, straight-on view of a building, sign or other three dimensional object. Other views include a plan view (from top looking down), section view (cut-thru view) and exploded view (component parts shown separately, arranged to show their relationship to each other) Life Safety Signs Used for police, fire, security, evacuation and other life safety information.

Message Schedule

An inventory or list indicating the quantities of signs and approved messages for each individual sign. Typically is used by sign fabricators at the "control document" for final text and sign wording.

Prototype

Usually a full sized sample that uses final materials, methods of construction, fasteners and finishes to test assembly, design, construction and appearance issues. Also used approve the "first sample" in a long production run.

Shop Drawings

In signage, it now refers to drawings prepared by fabricators describing their intended methods of construction and sequence of assembly. The essential reason for shop drawings is to be sure the original design concept is accurately carried out in the construction process.

Sign Types

Each unique style of sign or component.

Typography

The use of letterforms, of any language/s, used to communicate a message to an audience. Also referred to as Includes fonts, lettering, alphabets and typefaces.

Wayfinding

Wayfinding is the methodology of arranging indicators such as signs, light, color, materials, and pathways, to guide people to their destinations. A successful wayfinding program is intuitive and selfnavigable, and it protects the overall visual integrity of the site. Wayfinding is specific to its place and visitors.